There are many ill effects of being exposed to Ultraviolet radiation. Depending on the amount of radiation a person is exposed to and their skin type, they can be in the risk of many negative results from sunburn to skin cancers. Here are some of the most adverse effects of being exposed to ultra violet rays and why you should be take the necessary precautions when you are going out in the sun.


Sunburn or erythema is the most common effect of being exposed to ultraviolet rays. This condition is usually identifying with the reddening of skin after being exposed to sun rays for too long. Other symptoms of sunburns also include, skin that is painful to touch, fatigue and mild dizziness. Sunburns that are caused due to mild exposure generally fades in two to three days but those that lasts longer than that would require the attention and treatment of a doctor.Ultra-violet radiation is also known to be a main cause for the aging of the skin that results in wrinkles and dry skin.

Skin Cancers

Skin cancer can be termed as an abnormal growth in skin cells. While generally this condition develops on areas that are exposed to the sun, it can also grow on places that are rarely exposed to sun as well. There are two types of skin cancers; the Keratinocyte carcinoma that involvesthe basal and squamous cells and Melanoma that involves melanocytes. If you are experiencing symptoms such as moles that changes colour or size or those that bleed, lesions or brownish spots with darker speckles, see your skin doctor ASAP for a check-up.

Eye Ailments

You skin is not the only organ of your body that can be damaged due to ultraviolet radiation. Especially, Constant exposure to ultraviolet radiation can cause eye conditions such as photo-keratitis and photo-conjunctivitis to occur. The former is a burn in the cornea of the eye and is also known as snow-blindness or radiation keratitis. The latter is the burn of the conjunctiva which is the membrane that is inside the eyelids and eye socket. UVB rays or ultra violet B rays can also be a factor that increases the risk of cataracts.

Immune System

Although the effects of ultraviolet radiation on the immune system is hardly talked about, experts mention that the rays do have an immunosuppressive effect. Studies on this matter have proven that the rays cause changes in the cells that are responsible for immune responses. It also identified that the risk of getting viral, fungal, bacterial or parasitic infections can be also increased by being exposed to the sun/ ultraviolet rays for too long.

Adverse Effects caused by radiation is becoming one of the most common health problems in the world today. However most of these can be easily avoided if you take the necessary precautions such as covering yourself when you are outdoors, using a sunscreen or examining your skin when you notice any changes in it.

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